Case study methodology : Definition and example
How to do a case study?
A contextual analysis is a point by point investigation of a particular subject, for example, an individual, gathering, place, occasion, association, or marvel. Contextual analyses are usually utilized in social, instructive, clinical, and business examine.
A contextual investigation inquire about structure typically includes subjective techniques, however quantitative strategies are once in a while additionally utilized. Contextual analyses are useful for portraying, looking at, assessing and understanding various parts of an exploration issue.
When to do a contextual investigation
A contextual analysis is a fitting examination structure when you need to increase concrete, relevant, inside and out information about a particular certifiable subject. It permits you to investigate the key qualities, implications, and ramifications of the case.
Contextual investigations are regularly a decent decision in a proposition or exposition. They keep your venture engaged and sensible when you don’t have the opportunity or assets to do huge scope inquire about.
You may utilize only one complex contextual analysis where you investigate a solitary subject inside and out, or lead numerous contextual analyses to look at and enlighten changed parts of your exploration issue.
|Research question||Case study|
|What are the ecological effects of wolf reintroduction?||Case study of wolf reintroduction in Yellowstone National Park|
|How do populist politicians use narratives about history to gain support?||Case studies of Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orbán and US president Donald Trump|
|How can teachers implement active learning strategies in mixed-level classrooms?||Case study of a local school that promotes active learning|
|What are the main advantages and disadvantages of wind farms for rural communities?||Case studies of three rural wind farm development projects in different parts of the country|
|How are viral marketing strategies changing the relationship between companies and consumers?||Case study of the iPhone X marketing campaign|
|How do experiences of work in the gig economy differ by gender, race and age?||Case studies of Deliveroo and Uber drivers in London|
Stage 1: Select a case
When you have built up your concern explanation and research questions, you ought to be prepared to pick the particular case that you need to concentrate on. A decent contextual investigation ought to can possibly:
- Give new or surprising bits of knowledge into the subject
- Challenge or confound existing suppositions and hypotheses
- Propose viable game-plans to determine an issue
- Open up new bearings for future research
In contrast to quantitative or trial examine, a solid contextual analysis doesn’t require an arbitrary or agent test.
Truth be told, contextual investigations regularly purposely center around uncommon, dismissed, or remote cases which may reveal new insight into the examination issue.
Case of a peripheral contextual analysis
During the 1960s the town of Roseto, Pennsylvania was found to have incredibly low paces of coronary illness contrasted with the US normal. It turned into a significant contextual investigation for seeing recently dismissed reasons for coronary illness.
Be that as it may, you can likewise pick an increasingly normal or agent case to epitomize a specific classification, experience or wonder.
Case of a delegate contextual investigation
During the 1920s, two sociologists utilized Muncie, Indiana as a contextual analysis of a run of the mill American city that as far as anyone knows exemplified the changing society of the US at that point.
Stage 2: Build a hypothetical structure
While contextual investigations center more around solid subtleties than general speculations, they ought to normally have some association with hypothesis in the field.
Along these lines the contextual investigation isn’t only a secluded portrayal, however is coordinated into existing information about the theme. It may intend to:
- Exemplify a hypothesis by indicating how it clarifies the case under scrutiny
- Expand a hypothesis by revealing new ideas and thoughts that should be joined
- Challenge a hypothesis by investigating an exception case that doesn’t fit with set up suspicions
To guarantee that your examination of the case has a strong scholarly establishing, you should direct a writing audit of sources identified with the subject and build up a hypothetical structure.
This implies recognizing key ideas and hypotheses to direct your examination and translation.
Stage 3: Collect your information
There are a wide range of research strategies you can use to gather information regarding your matter.
Contextual investigations will in general spotlight on subjective information utilizing techniques, for example, meetings, perceptions, and examination of essential and optional sources (for example paper articles, photos, official records). Now and then a contextual investigation will likewise gather quantitative information.
Case of a blended strategies contextual investigation
For a contextual investigation of a breeze ranch advancement in a rustic territory, you could gather quantitative information on work rates and business income, gather subjective information on nearby individuals’ recognitions and encounters, and break down neighborhood and national media inclusion of the improvement.
The point is to pick up as exhaustive an understanding as conceivable of the case and its specific situation.
Stage 4: Describe and break down the case
Recorded as a hard copy up the contextual analysis, you have to unite all the pertinent angles to give as complete an image as conceivable of the subject.
How you report your discoveries relies upon the kind of research you are doing.
Some contextual investigations are organized like a standard logical paper or proposal, with discrete areas or parts for the strategies, results and conversation.
Others are written in an increasingly story style, expecting to investigate the case from different edges and dissect its implications and suggestions (for instance, by utilizing literary examination or talk examination).
In all cases, however, make a point to give logical insights regarding the case, associate it back to the writing and hypothesis, and examine how it fits into more extensive examples or discussions.